Monday, July 6, 2015

PEOPLE HAVE ALWAYS INVENTED THEIR OWN RELIGIONS AND TOO OFTEN IMPOSED THEM ON OTHERS


Mysterious Islamic Tribe Where Women Have Sex With Different Men, Don't Wear A Veil And Own Property

Equality: The women of the Tuareg are respected members of society, who own the homes and the animalsBehind the ancient way of life for the Tuareg tribe of the Sahara is a culture so progressive it would even make some in liberal western cultures blush.
Women are allowed to have multiple sexual partners outside of marriage, keep all their property on divorce and are so revered by their sons-in-law that the young men wouldn't dare eat in the same room.
What is even more surprising is that even though the tribe has embraced Islam they have firmly held onto some of the customs that would not be acceptable to the wider Muslim world.
It is the men, and not the women, who cover their faces, for example.
Photographer Henrietta Butler, who has been fascinated by the Tuareg since she first followed them through the desert in 2001, once asked why this was. The explanation was simple.
'The women are beautiful. We would like to see their faces.'
But this is certainly not the only place the Tuareg, related to the Berbers of North Africa, differ from the Muslim world of the Middle East, and even other parts of their own continent.
Before a woman marries, she is free to take as many lovers as she wants.Mothers: These two children were pictured in December 1967. Tuareg children traditionally stay with their mothers after a divorceThese two children were pictured in December 1967. Tuareg children traditionally stay with their mothers after a divorce
'They turn a blind eye,' explained Butler. 'The young girls have the same great freedoms as the boys.'
For years, the men of the Tuareg have been able to ride to a young woman's tent, and sneak into the side entrance – while his well-trained camel stands quietly and waits.
There, they will spend the night together – while the family, who all live in the tent, politely pretend not to notice.
Should the woman choose to welcome a different man into her tent the next day, so be it.
However, there is also a code of practice which none would dare break. Privacy is all important for this centuries old tribe of nomads, who once crossed the desert bringing dates, salt and saffron south, and slaves and gold north.Lyrical: A Tuareg woman at a music festival in 2003. Young couples write beautiful poetry to each other The idea of breaking the rules of courtship would be mortifying; as a result, the man is always gone before sunrise.
'The Tuareg are utterly discreet. Everything is done with utmost discretion and respect,' said Butler.
The relaxed customs around sexual partners has resulted in the girls getting married later than they may otherwise do, with the age of 20 not being uncommon.
Although, before then, they will have been wooed with poetry written by the men, who spend hours carefully crafting the words which they hope will win their beloved over.
But it is not a one-way street: the women are just as capable of putting pen to paper, using their own alphabet, taught to them by their mothers.
'The women also make poetry eulogising the men,' says Butler. 'There is high romance and idolatry.'Class system: Tuareg women pictured in Niger. The Tuareg are divided into castes, with the nobles at the top and peasants at the bottom  Unlike in so many other cultures, women lose none of their power once they marry either.
Many marriages end in divorce among the Tuareg. And when it happens, it is the wife who keeps both the animals and the tent. And it is she who normally decides that she's had enough. 
His wife, meanwhile, will keep possession of everything she brought to the marriage and that includes the children.
The mother's camp, Butler explains, is the root of the community, the home everyone returns to – and this arrangement ensures it stays that way.
And there is no shame in divorce. Families will often throw their daughters a divorce party, to let other men know they are available once more.
But this is not a matriarchal society, where the women are in charge.TUAREG-1 Butler explains it is still the men 'who sit and talk politics'. But even here, the women can be deferred to. They are often consulted for their views by their sons or husbands, and are quietly pulling the strings behind the scenes.  
However, Tuareg society is matri-lineal, which means the families trace their lines through the women, rather than the men, right the way back to their first queen.
So, Butler explained: 'Traditionally, the man would belong to the woman's group, rather than the other way around.'
The preference for the women's line goes as far as man leaving his possessions to his sister's son as it 'is considered a stronger link to your family than to your own son'.
In other words, it can be guaranteed that your sister's child belongs to your sister, rather than a man's son, who cannot be absolutely guaranteed to share his genes.Owner: A nomadic Tuareg woman in front of her tent, with younger children sit inside. The mother's tent is the heart of the familyA nomadic Tuareg woman in front of her tent, with younger children sit inside. The mother's tent is the heart of the familyFreedoms: Before young Tuareg women marry, they are allowed to take as many different lovers as they want - as long as they abide by the strict rules of privacy which govern their societyBefore young Tuareg women marry, they are allowed to take as many different lovers as they want – as long as they abide by the strict rules of privacy which govern their society.Rules: This means the man must only arrive at her tent after dark, and leave before sunrise. Pictured: A Tuareg woman's decorated handsThis means the man must only arrive at her tent after dark, and leave before sunrise. Pictured: A Tuareg woman's decorated hands.
But there is one tradition which is certainly far more unusual: it is highly rude for a man to eat in front of a woman who he cannot have sexual relations with, or any of his elders.
In front of his mother-in-law it is especially shameful.
'I didn't realise this until the I was having dinner with a Tuareg woman, who had brought her son-in-law as her travelling companion,' Butler recalled.
'We were all sitting down to dinner, and the man has his back turned. She said the poor man was completely horrified because he has to eat with his mother-in-law.'
But it is unlikely he would have ever complained about it, or felt sorry from himself. The very idea is horrendous to the Tuareg.
'You would shame yourself. The Tuareg will go to great lengths to maintain personal dignity. They will suffer,' said Butler.
'If they are not offered water, they won't ask for it – even if they are thirsty.'
Perhaps for this reason, the Tuareg welcome is legendary. They never forget to offer water, and travellers who appear on the horizon will always be 'treated like a king'.Bond: Every night, the families come together at the tents. The men are traditionally part of the women's group - not the other way roundEvery night, the families come together at the tents. The men are traditionally part of the women's group – not the other way round.Centre: It means the mother's tent is the heart of the community - although they do not eat together, and do much separatelyIt means the mother's tent is the heart of the community – although they do not eat together, and do much separatelyBeautiful: It is the men who cover up their faces, while the women are happy to show off their faces - although they often cover their hairIt is the men who cover up their faces, while the women are happy to show off their faces – although they often cover their hairLifeline: The camels are of vital importance in the Sahara, and are often the only thing a man is left with when he gets divorcedThe camels are of vital importance in the Sahara, and are often the only thing a man is left with when he gets divorcedMysterious: A Tuareg man in a traditional indigo veil, which is likely to leave his face with a blue mark across his skinA Tuareg man in a traditional indigo veil, which is likely to leave his face with a blue mark across his skin

THE LEGENDARY QUEEN AT THE TOP OF THE TUAREG FAMILY TREE

The Tuareg's many small groups are joined together by the same family tree – and at the top of that tree is the person who bought them all together.
And it should probably come as no surprise for a tribe which views women in such regard, that person was a queen.  
Tin Hinan is said to have travelled south from modern day Morocco to what would one day become Algeria in the fourth century, where she became the first queen of the Tuaregs.
It is from Tin Hinan – whose name translates as 'she of the tents' – that every noble family is said to descend.
Takamet, her handmaiden who travelled by her side, is believed to be the ancestor of the peasant caste.
It is unlikely there will be any quibbling over who gets what. Pre-nuptial agreements are the norm.
In practice, this often means a man is forced to return home to his mother, possibly with just his camel and nothing else.
Now the Tuareg living in south-western Libya face a new threat – that of ISIS – while those living in Mali, Niger and northern Nigeria now have to contend with the rise of Boko Haram.Opinions: The Tuareg women, seen here arriving at the Tuareg Political Party speech in 2006, may not obviously be part of political life, but their opinion is highly valued by the men, who will likely discuss issues with their mother or wifeThe Tuareg women, seen here arriving at the Tuareg Political Party speech in 2006, may not obviously be part of political life, but their opinion is highly valued by the men, who will likely discuss issues with their mother or wife.

Source: DailyMail UK | Henrietta Butler's new book, Tuareg Time
 

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1 comment:

Selene Y said...

Tin Hinan created one of the most powerful dynasties and kingdom. She also unified all three monotheistic religions Jewish,, Christian and Muslim. Some say she was Jewish others say no, nonetheless she was brilliant in trade. Berber include the Touareg, the Kabyle and many other nations they are unknown in the Americas for the most part. They are NOT Arabs but speak Arabic, they dislike the French from France and the colonization of their homeland.

Berber tents have the central pillar as the woman who is they one who hold the house together. Some are Muslims today but many like the idea of Islam but not the people who brought it in. One of the greatest queens La Kahina some say she was Jewish fought against Islam her son was the one who accepted the religion. One story says she converted on her death bed,other say that she was burnt alive by one of her generals other say she escaped while others say she died in battle (the beauty of oral tradition) A huge statue of her is in Algeria and she is loved by everyone.

French people say she was into the slave trade however I wonder if this is true or a rumour or urban legend as women were leaders or held post of leadership. Men from France never accepted women as leaders and did the same thing to Mohawk women the urban legend say the women were blood thirsty. Yet in both cases women were into trade and did very well, the empire was rich both in culture and in wealth (money)

Berber (Jewish, Christian and Muslim) accompanied the Moors in Andalusia and brought in culture, universities, libraries, philosopher Maimonides as an example. Andalusia was very rich as they were traders and merchants. They were defeated by Ferdinand and Isabella and the area was renamed Spain.