Washington, D.C. 1925 (AP Photo)
Under the hood: Astonishing glimpse into secretive rituals and mundane family life of Ku Klux Klan members across America
Anthony Karen gained the trust of far-right group to capture their lives in unguarded moments
He also captured some of their most sacred rituals as well as their domestic day-to-day existence
One of the Klansmen he chronicled is an engineer on a nuclear submarine
By Sam Webb and Daniel Miller
American photojournalist Anthony Karen is a man used to the margins of American culture. He has chronicled far-right extremists, the New Black Panthers and even members of the widely-reviled Westboro Baptist Church.
Now he has created an astonishing visual record of the Ku Klux Klan, a white-supremacist organisation known for its white robes with conical hoods.
He gained the trust of KKK members and was able to capture them in candid, unguarded situations that give a unique insight into the world they inhabit.
The New York-based photographer said that despite their horrific beliefs they came across as normal people in their day-to-day lives. He recalled meeting one Klansman shortly after he started the project that worked as an engineer on a nuclear submarine.
White power wedding: 'Little Charlie' shows off her custom made Klan wedding veil as her fiancé watches on. These photographs show the little-seen rituals and home lives of the far-right organisation
(See address below for access to the full article and photos. Phyllis Carter)
Assembly: Klansmen and women during a 'Klonkave' (secret meeting). The KKK is known for its distinctive white conical hoods
He said: 'The majority of the people I've come across are no different than somebody living next door. You'd only know they were in the Klan if they decided to share that with you, had a distinguishing emblem on a T-shirt or a racially-themed tattoo.
'They live normal lives, some with stronger racial overtones than others. There is wealthy and poor, intelligent and unintelligent… just like anywhere else.'
For a secretive and suspicious group wary of outsiders, earning their trust was no easy task. He says he did it by being completely impartial.
Mr Karen, who served as a Marine in his 20s and later became a bodyguard, said: 'You need to give some of yourself in order to receive something back. I spend time with people, I listen to what they have to say and I treat each person as an individual. I don't have to believe what they believe but whenever I'm in someone's space, I feel I'm obliged to observe without judgment.
'Over the years, these organisations and the people I encounter have also seen how I work - I'm respectful of people's privacy, I'm polite and I'm focused.
'Personality plays a big part as well. I'm far from rigid and I like to think that staying approachable is more comforting and reassuring to people.'
As well as photos of their costumes and rituals, the photographs show KKK members in their kitchens, sharing a joke and day-to-day family life.
Standard: A Klansmen and his wife during a flyer drive. The purpose of the drive was to bring attention to a proposition before a local court to remove a flag from a state park
An Imperial Wizard of a southern-based Ku Klux Klan realm takes aim with a pellet gun at a large cockroach (on the piece of paper just below the clock) while his wife and goddaughter try to avoid getting struck by a possible ricochet. Note the noose tattoo running down his back
Candidates wishing to join the Ku Klux Klan partake in a naturalisation ritual, where they become a citizen of the 'Invisible Empire'. It is not unlike becoming a naturalised citizen of the United States, according to the late Imperial Wizard Dale Fox
Members of the group, originally formed by Confederate veterans in the aftermath of the American Civil war, have committed numerous racially-motivated murders and assaults over the past century.
They advocate the seperation of the races, claiming interbreeding between ethnicities goes against God's will (religion is a key part of their beliefs).
In the 1920s they reaches the peak of their power, with as many as six million members. Today they are estimated to number between 5-8,000.
One of the group's most famous crimes was the murder of three American civil rights' workers, James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner, who were shot in June 1964 by members of the Mississippi White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Neshoba County's Sheriff Office and the Philadelphia Police Department located in Philadelphia, Mississippi.
The three had been attempting to register African Americans to vote. The FBI called its investigation 'Mississippi Burning' - which was later used as the title for a 1988 film loosely based on the case.
National director of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan Thomas Robb (centre) and his family
Members of a Louisiana-based Ku Klux Klan realm joke around at the home of one of their Imperial officers
The pictures show a side of the Klan members and their families that the public rarely sees
Among the others charged with conspiracy in 1967, seven were convicted. None served more than six years in prison.
The unassuming nature of the pictures has led to accusations that his work gives the Klan publicity, a claim he strongly refutes.
'If a person was finding him/her self wanting to join the Klan after viewing my images, one would logically come the conclusion that this is something they supported long before these images came along,' he said.
'I prefer to document the Klan at home as opposed to the typical imagery that most anyone can get during a public demonstration. Yes, I'm trying to show the viewers the way certain people who've adopted such beliefs live - they may drink soda, cook and put family photos on the wall just like the rest of us.
'I've witnessed just as much verbal hatred in conversations amongst non-Klan members. I'm not trivialising anything; I'm showing things exactly how I've observed them.
'The project is on the Ku Klux Klan, which alone should offer enough innuendo as to the back-story. My objective is to present a project that's been covered a million times before, but in a non-typical and intimate light… no other rhyme or reason.
An Imperial Officer (right) from a mid-western based Ku Klux Klan realm at the home of his Imperial Wizard and wife (left), shortly before departing for a Christmas party held for members at a local church
Dark hood: The son of an Imperial Wizard of a North Carolina-based Klan realm
Ms Ruth puts the finishing touches on a Klan robe for a 'Knighthawk' which is a security position in the Klan
Host: A Klansman during a unity gathering at his home. The unassuming nature of the pictures has led to accusations that Mr Karen's work gives the Klan publicity, a claim he strongly refutes
'People have the option to turn the page and ignore things that disturb them, it doesn't make it any less real. As far as myself, I'd rather be aware of the things around me.'
He first attended an infamous Klan 'cross burning' ceremony in 2005, buts says members find the term offensive.
He said: 'They prefer "cross lighting" as it "dispels darkness, [and] brings truth and freedom to the world". It bears witness to the light of Christ, according to their beliefs.
'The cross lighting ceremony is held in sacred covenant to people in the Klan. This holds true for the robes that are worn as well.'
Fiery ritual: Several members of the Four Star White Knights during a family cookout as they prepare for a cross lighting ceremony
Klansmen prepare torches by wrapping them in burlap for a cross lighting ceremony
Domestic life: Members of The Knights Party during a break at the annual congress
Surprisingly, given the Klan's reputation for violence, Mr. Karen says he has never encountered any hostility from members, although he admits to one situation where a small group of drunk racist-skinheads were 'getting on (his) last nerve' during a Klan weekend gathering.
Mr Karen achieved an extraordinary closeness with Klan members. Did he ever feel too close, too friendly, to them?
'Whenever you're granted access into a person's intimate space, you're establishing a relationship based on trust. In my opinion, trust is trust. That doesn't suggest I become complacent with my situation to the point of exploitation, nor does it mean I'm selectively disregarding certain moments to depict something that is not.
'I do admit I try to offer a balanced perspective as to my experiences within marginalized organisations, such as the Ku Klux Klan for example, but to consciously distance myself will in effect (or could) create bias.'
For more information on his work visit www.anthonykaren.com.
White supremacy group KKK has been given approval to stage an event at historical Gettysburg Park next week
Ex-Golden Dawn members reveal how Greek neo-Nazi party organised 'assault militias' to hunt down immigrants in the street
Operation Munchkin: Bizarre Nazi plan to breed giant Angora rabbits in concentration camps for fur-lined clothes for Hitler's men
See additional photographs at -